U.S. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION
Air Traffic Organization Policy

ORDER
JO 7110.65T
Effective Date:
February 11, 2010
 
     
Subject:  Air Traffic Control

Includes: Change 1 dated 8/26/2010, Change 2 and Errata dated 3/10/2011, and Change 3 dated 8/25/2011

 

 

Briefing Guide - Basic

Table of Contents

Paragraph
Number

Title

1-2-1

WORD MEANINGS

1-2-6

ABBREVIATIONS

2-1-28

RVSM OPERATIONS

2-7-2

ALTIMETER SETTING ISSUANCE BELOW LOWEST USABLE FL

3-7-1

GROUND TRAFFIC MOVEMENT

3-9-1

DEPARTURE INFORMATION

3-9-9

TAKEOFF CLEARANCE

3-10-5

LANDING CLEARANCE

4-2-5

ROUTE OR ALTITUDE AMENDMENTS

4-5-7

ALTITUDE INFORMATION

9-2-9

SPECIAL INTEREST SITES

9-2-10

LAND-BASED AIR DEFENSE IDENTIFICATION ZONE (ADIZ)/AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL (ATC) SECURITY SERVICES

9-8-1

General

1. PARAGRAPH NUMBER AND TITLE: 1-2-1. WORD MEANINGS

2. BACKGROUND: The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) issued Order 1000.36, FAA Writing Standards, to ensure that plain language standards apply to all FAA-written documents. Plain language standards use “must” as a word of requirement (indicating that an action is mandatory) rather than the word “shall,” which is more ambiguous, regularly misused, breeds litigation, and is not used in common speech. Throughout the Air Traffic Directives (such as FAA Order JO 7110.65 and FAA Order JO 7210.3), both “must” and “shall” are used, though “must” is not currently defined. This DCP adds the definition of “must” and clarifies word usage. Additional information on “must versus shall” and plain language benefits are available at http://www.plainlanguage.gov.

3. CHANGE:

OLD

 

NEW

1-2-1. WORD MEANINGS

 

1-2-1. WORD MEANINGS

As used in this manual:

 

As used in this order:

a. Shall, or an action verb in the imperative sense, means a procedure is mandatory.

 

a. “Shall” or “must” means a procedure is mandatory.

EXAMPLE-

 

Delete

Add

 

b. “Shall not” or “must not” means a procedure is prohibited.

b through g

 

Renumber c thru h

h. Approved separation means separation in accordance with the applicable minima in this manual.

 

i. “Approved separation” means separation in accordance with the applicable minima in this order.

i through o

 

Renumber j through p


1. PARAGRAPH NUMBER AND TITLE: 1-2-6. ABBREVIATIONS, and 9-8-1. General

2. BACKGROUND: Bigelow Aerospace Advanced Space Studies (BAASS) is a new organization that is devoted to exploration of extremely advanced aerospace technology, including the so-called unidentified aerial phenomena (UAP) or unidentified flying object (UFO) topics. In 2001, another of Mr. Bigelow's organizations, the National Institute for Discovery Sciences (NIDS), succeeded in becoming the “go-to” organization for the reporting by pilots and air traffic control of UFOs in the United States. NIDS is now defunct and has been replaced by the larger, more capable BAASS. Therefore, pilot and air traffic control reporting of UFOs in the United States should now go to BAASS, vice NIDS. So we are deleting the NIDS acronym and adding the BAASS acronym.

3. CHANGE:

OLD

NEW

TBL 1-2-1
FAA Order JO 7110.65 Abbreviations

TBL 1-2-1
FAA Order JO 7110.65 Abbreviations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abbreviation

Meaning

 

Abbreviation

Meaning

 

 

Add

Add

 

BAASS

Bigelow Aerospace Advanced Space Studies

 

 

NIDS

National Institute of Discovery Sciences

 

Delete

Delete

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

OLD

 

NEW

9-8-1. GENERAL

 

9-8-1. GENERAL

a. Persons wanting to report UFO/Unexplained Phenomena activity should contact an UFO/Unexplained Phenomena Reporting Data Collection Center, such as the National Institute for Discovery Sciences (NIDS), the National UFO Reporting Center, etc.

 

a. Persons wanting to report UFO/unexplained phenomena activity should contact a UFO/ unexplained phenomena reporting data collection center, such as Bigelow Aerospace Advanced Space Studies (BAASS) (voice: 1-877-979-7444 or e-mail: Reporting@baass.org), the National UFO Reporting Center, etc.


1. PARAGRAPH NUMBER AND TITLE: 2-1-28. RVSM OPERATIONS

2. BACKGROUND: An agreement was reached between the FAA and Department of Defense (DOD) to include DOD certified aircraft operated by U.S. Government agencies in the definition of DOD Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum (RVSM) excepted aircraft. Service providers need clarification and guidance on what a “DOD certified aircraft” is so exceptions can be granted, as appropriate.

3. CHANGE:

OLD

 

NEW

2-1-28. RVSM OPERATIONS

 

2-1-28. RVSM OPERATIONS

title through a

 

No Change

1. Ensure non-RVSM aircraft are not permitted in RVSM airspace unless they meet the criteria of excepted aircraft and are previously approved by the operations supervisor/controller-in-charge (CIC). The following aircraft are excepted: DOD, Lifeguard, manufacturer aircraft being flown for development/certification, and Foreign State aircraft. These exceptions are accommodated on a workload or traffic-permitting basis.

 

1. Ensure non-RVSM aircraft are not permitted in RVSM airspace unless they meet the criteria of excepted aircraft and are previously approved by the operations supervisor/CIC. The following aircraft are excepted: DOD, DOD certified aircraft operated by NASA (T38, F15, F18, WB57, S3, and U2 aircraft only), Lifeguard, manufacturer aircraft being flown for development/certification, and Foreign State aircraft. These exceptions are accommodated on a workload or traffic-permitting basis.

NOTE-
The operations supervisor/CIC is responsible for system acceptance of a non-RVSM aircraft beyond the initial sector to sector coordination following the pilot request to access the airspace. Operations supervisor/CIC responsibilities are defined in FAA Order 7210.3, Chapter 6, Section 9, Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum (RVSM).

 

NOTE-
The operations supervisor/CIC is responsible for system acceptance of a non-RVSM aircraft beyond the initial sector-to-sector coordination following the pilot request to access the airspace. Operations supervisor/CIC responsibilities are defined in FAAO JO 7210.3, Chapter 6, Section 9, Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum (RVSM).


1. PARAGRAPH NUMBER AND TITLE: 2-7-2. ALTIMETER SETTING ISSUANCE BELOW LOWEST USABLE FL

2. BACKGROUND: Using phraseology that includes numbers for time and altimeter setting in the same message is causing reported confusion. The new phraseology provides the needed information and eliminates the transmission of two sets of numbers in the same radio message.

3. CHANGE:

OLD

 

NEW

2-7-2. ALTIMETER SETTING ISSUANCE BELOW LOWEST USABLE FL

 

2-7-2. ALTIMETER SETTING ISSUANCE BELOW LOWEST USABLE FL

title through b

 

No Change

PHRASEOLOGY-
THE (facility name) (time of report if more than one hour old) ALTIMETER (setting).

 

PHRASEOLOGY-
(If the altimeter is one hour old or less),
THE (facility name) ALTIMETER (setting).

or

(If the altimeter is more than one hour old),

THE (facility name) ALTIMETER (setting) MORE THAN ONE HOUR OLD.


1. PARAGRAPH NUMBER AND TITLE: 3-7-1. GROUND TRAFFIC MOVEMENT

2. BACKGROUND: During facility audits, Safety Evaluations has identified numerous “Does Not Meet Requirements” regarding the issuance of clearances for vehicular traffic to proceed on runways and taxiways. The operation identified by Safety Evaluation is the practice of issuing an “all surface clearance” such as “the field is yours,” “proceed as requested on all runways and taxiways,” or “cleared on all runways and taxiways.” This notice establishes the requirement of issuing specific instructions and maintaining positive control while authorizing movement on a runway and/or taxiway. Additionally, this change proposal incorporates clarification of “declared distances” by the airport service to achieve certain airport design criteria.

3. CHANGE:

OLD

 

NEW

3-7-1. GROUND TRAFFIC MOVEMENT

 

3-7-1. GROUND TRAFFIC MOVEMENT

title through a

 

No Change

Add

 

b. Do not issue unconditional instructions when authorizing movement on a runway/taxiway for the purpose of airfield checks or other airport operations. Instructions must ensure positive control with specific instructions to proceed on a runway or movement area, and as necessary, hold short instructions.

Add

 

REFERENCE-
FAAO JO 7110.65, Para 3-1-3, USE OF ACTIVE RUNWAYS
FAAO JO 7110.65, Para 3-7-2, TAXI AND GROUND MOVEMENT OPERATIONS

Add

 

EXAMPLE-
“Airport 1, proceed on Runway 26R, hold short of Runway 18L.”

“(Tower), Airport 1 at taxiway B8, request to inspect Runway 26R.” “Airport 1 proceed as requested, hold short of Runway 18L.”

“Airport 1 proceed on taxi way B, hold short of Runway 18L.”

Add

 

NOTE-
The following are examples of unconditional instructions and are not approved for use: “THE FIELD IS YOURS,” “CLEARED ON ALL SURFACES,” “THE AIRPORT IS YOURS,” and “PROCEED ON ALL RUNWAYS AND TAXIWAYS.”

b and c

 

Renumber c and d

NOTE-
Exceptions are authorized where specific military aircraft routinely make intersection takeoffs and procedures are defined in appropriate directives. The authority exercising operational control of such aircraft ensures that all pilots are thoroughly familiar with these procedures, including the usable runway length from the applicable intersection.

 

NOTE-
1. Exceptions are authorized where specific military aircraft routinely make intersection takeoffs and procedures are defined in appropriate directives. The authority exercising operational control of such aircraft ensures that all pilots are thoroughly familiar with these procedures, including the usable runway length from the applicable intersection.

Add

 

2. Some airports publish “declared distances” for a particular runway. These are published in the Airport Facility Directory (A/FD) or the Aeronautical Information Publication (AIP) and there is no requirement that facility personnel be aware of them. These distances are a means of satisfying airport design criteria and are intended to be used by pilots and/or operators for preflight performance planning only. There are no special markings, signing, or lighting associated with declared distances and they do not limit the actual runway available for use by an aircraft. Therefore, they cannot be used for any air traffic control purpose. If pilots inquire about the existence of declared distances, refer them to the A/FD or AIP.

d and e

 

Renumber e and f


1. PARAGRAPH NUMBER AND TITLE: 3-9-1. DEPARTURE INFORMATION

2. BACKGROUND: In May 2008, the FAA issued N JO 7110.482 (Taxi and Ground Movement Operations) that mandated specific phraseology/procedures for the movement of aircraft/vehicles on the movement area.

3. CHANGE:

OLD

 

NEW

3-9-1. DEPARTURE INFORMATION

 

3-9-1. DEPARTURE INFORMATION

title through d

 

No Change

e. Taxi information, as necessary. You need not issue taxi route information unless the pilot specifically requests it.

 

e. Issue the route for the aircraft/vehicle to follow on the movement area in concise and easy to understand terms. The taxi clearance must include the specific route to follow.


1. PARAGRAPH NUMBER AND TITLE: 3-9-9. TAKEOFF CLEARANCE

2. BACKGROUND: The Federal Aviation Administrators Call to Action Workgroup made numerous recommendations to enhance runway safety. ATO-T Safety and Operations Support assembled a Safety Risk Management (SRM) Panel to address some of the proposals from this workgroup. This change provides a requirement for controllers when a takeoff clearance can be issued. The panel did a safety assessment on takeoff procedures at tower controlled airports and found no high risks associated with this change.

Also, HQ Air Force Flight Standards Agency (AFFSA) requires all controllers to issue wind speed and direction in conjunction with a takeoff clearance. The requirement for the USAF to issue wind with a takeoff clearance is not identified in the current FAA order.

3. CHANGE:

OLD

 

NEW

3-9-9. TAKEOFF CLEARANCE

 

3-9-9. TAKEOFF CLEARANCE

title through a

 

No Change

b. The controller shall ensure that all runways along the taxi route that lead to the departure runway are crossed before the takeoff clearance is issued, except in subpara c.

 

b. The controller must ensure that all runways along the taxi route that lead to the departure runway are crossed before the takeoff clearance is issued, except as stated in para 3-9-9c.

PHRASEOLOGY-
CROSS RUNWAY (number), RUNWAY (number) CLEARED FOR TAKEOFF.

 

Delete

EXAMPLE-
“CROSS RUNWAY TWO FOUR LEFT, RUNWAY TWO FOUR RIGHT, CLEARED FOR TAKEOFF.”

 

Delete

Add relocated FIG 3-9-12

 

FIG 3-9-12
Runway/Taxiway Proximity

c

 

No Change

Add

 

PHRASEOLOGY-
CROSS RUNWAY (number), RUNWAY (number) CLEARED FOR TAKEOFF.

Add

 

EXAMPLE-
“CROSS RUNWAY TWO FOUR LEFT, RUNWAY TWO FOUR RIGHT, CLEARED FOR TAKEOFF.”

FIG 3-9-13
Runway/Taxiway Proximity

 

No Change

REFERENCE-
FAAO JO 7210.3, Para 10-3-9, Takeoff Clearance.
P/CG Term- Clear of the Runway.

 

No Change

PHRASEOLOGY-
CROSS RUNWAY (number), RUNWAY (number) CLEARED FOR TAKEOFF.

 

Delete

EXAMPLE-
“CROSS RUNWAY ONE SIX LEFT, RUNWAY ONE SIX RIGHT, CLEARED FOR TAKEOFF.”

 

Delete

d

 

No Change

e. USA/USN. Issue surface wind and takeoff clearance to aircraft.

 

e. USA/USN/USAF. Issue surface wind and takeoff clearance to aircraft.

PHRASEOLOGY-
WIND (surface wind in direction and velocity). CLEARED FOR TAKEOFF.

 

PHRASEOLOGY-
RUNWAY (number), WIND (surface wind in direction and velocity). CLEARED FOR TAKEOFF.


1. PARAGRAPH NUMBER AND TITLE: 3-10-5. LANDING CLEARANCE

2. BACKGROUND: HQ Air Force Flight Standards Agency (AFFSA) requires all controllers to issue runway identifier information along with wind speed and direction in conjunction with all landing clearances. The requirement for the USAF to issue wind information in conjunction with a landing clearance is not identified in the current FAA order.

3. CHANGE:

OLD

 

NEW

3-10-5. LANDING CLEARANCE

 

3-10-5. LANDING CLEARANCE

title through d EXAMPLE-

 

No Change

e. USA/USN. Issue surface wind when clearing an aircraft to land, touch-and-go, stop-and-go, low approach, or the option. Restate the landing runway whenever there is a possibility of a conflict with another aircraft which is using or is planning to use another runway.

 

e. USA/USN/USAF. Issue runway identifier along with surface wind when clearing an aircraft to land, touch and go, stop and go, low approach, or the option.

PHRASEOLOGY-
WIND (surface wind direction and velocity), CLEARED TO LAND,

or

WIND (surface wind direction and velocity), RUNWAY (designator) CLEARED TO LAND.

 

PHRASEOLOGY-
RUNWAY (number), WIND (surface wind direction and velocity), CLEARED TO LAND.


1. PARAGRAPH NUMBER AND TITLE: 4-2-5. ROUTE OR ALTITUDE AMENDMENTS

2. BACKGROUND: FAA Order 8260.46, Departure Procedure Program, has been revised to implement recommended changes to current policy by the Aeronautical Charting Forum, Departure Working Group concerning procedure source, charting, and database coding when one or more altitudes (i.e., minimum altitudes for obstruction clearance/design constraint and ATC) are required at the same fix. ATC SID speed restrictions will be identified by placing (ATC) at the end of the stated restriction; e.g., “Do not exceed 230 KIAS until passing BRAVO (ATC).” This will indicate to the pilot and the controller that this restriction is for ATC purposes and can be deleted by ATC. The absence of (ATC) at the end of a speed restriction indicates that it is there to support a TERPS criteria design constraint and CANNOT be modified or deleted by ATC. Although this chart annotation is not new, concise ATC operational guidance had not been established. Detailed information can be obtained from Agenda Item 07-01-274 from the Aeronautical Charting Forum - Instrument Procedures Group at:
http://www.faa.gov/about/office_org/headquarters_offices/avs/offices/afs/afs400/afs420/acfipg/open/media/Hist%2007-01-274.pdf

3. CHANGE:

OLD

 

NEW

4-2-5. ROUTE OR ALTITUDE AMENDMENTS

 

4-2-5. ROUTE OR ALTITUDE AMENDMENTS

title through b EXAMPLE-

 

No Change

NOTE-
Restating previously issued altitude to “maintain” is an amended clearance. If altitude to “maintain” is changed or restated, whether prior to departure or while airborne, and previously issued altitude restrictions are omitted, altitude restrictions are canceled, including SID/FMSP/STAR altitude restrictions if any.

 

NOTE-
1. Restating previously issued altitude to “maintain” is an amended clearance. If altitude to “maintain” is changed or restated, whether prior to departure or while airborne, and previously issued altitude restrictions are omitted, altitude restrictions are canceled, including SID/FMSP/STAR/(ATC) altitude restrictions if any.

Add

 

2. All crossing altitudes and speed restrictions not annotated as (ATC) for STARs and DPs, including SIDs and ODPs, are mandatory and cannot be canceled by ATC. ATC altitude restrictions and/or speed restrictions annotated (ATC) may be canceled by ATC. In the event of lost communications, aircraft are expected to comply with all restrictions unless ATC has previously canceled the ATC annotated restrictions.


1. PARAGRAPH NUMBER AND TITLE: 4-5-7. ALTITUDE INFORMATION

2. BACKGROUND: This change supports an operating practice which has been safely in use for years.

3. CHANGE:

OLD

 

NEW

4-5-7. ALTITUDE INFORMATION

 

4-5-7. ALTITUDE INFORMATION

title through b PHRASEOLOGY-

 

No Change

c. Specified altitude over a specified fix, waypoint.

 

c. Specified altitude for crossing a specified fix or waypoint; or, specified altitude for crossing a distance (in miles) and direction from a specified fix or waypoint.

PHRASEOLOGY-
CROSS (fix, waypoint) AT (altitude).
CROSS (fix, waypoint) AT OR ABOVE/BELOW (altitude).

 

PHRASEOLOGY-
CROSS (fix, waypoint) AT (altitude).
CROSS (fix, waypoint) AT OR ABOVE/BELOW (altitude).
CROSS (number of miles) MILES (direction) OF (name of fix, waypoint) AT (altitude).
CROSS (number of miles) MILES (direction) OF (name of fix, waypoint) AT OR ABOVE/BELOW (altitude).


1. PARAGRAPH NUMBER AND TITLE: 9-2-9. SPECIAL INTEREST SITES

2. BACKGROUND: All security related events or suspected security related events must be reported to the Domestic Events Network (DEN).

3. CHANGE:

OLD

 

NEW

9-2-9. SPECIAL INTEREST SITES

 

9-2-9. SPECIAL INTEREST SITES

title through b

 

No Change

c. ARTCCs shall promptly advise the ATCSCC of any actions taken in accordance with this paragraph.

 

c. ARTCCs shall promptly advise the Domestic Events Network (DEN) of any actions taken in accordance with this paragraph.


1. PARAGRAPH NUMBER AND TITLE: 9-2-10. LAND-BASED AIR DEFENSE IDENTIFICATION ZONE (ADIZ)/AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL (ATC) SECURITY SERVICES

2. BACKGROUND: On Febuary 17, 2009, the Washington DC ADIZ was changed by rulemaking to the Special Flight Rules Area (SFRA). The procedures that will be used for the SFRA are the same as for a land based ADIZ. Additionally, since Washington ARTCC may have to assume the airspace if Potomac TRACON went ATC-0, the reference to Terminal was deleted.

3. CHANGE:

OLD

 

NEW

9-2-10. LAND-BASED AIR DEFENSE IDENTIFICATION ZONE (ADIZ)/AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL (ATC) SECURITY SERVICES

 

9-2-10. WASHINGTON, DC, SPECIAL FLIGHT RULES AREA (DC SFRA)/ATC SECURITY SERVICES

TERMINAL

 

Delete

Provide ATC security services at locations where procedures are required for the tracking of aircraft in security services airspace. ATC security services are designed to support the national security mission of the FAA and other agencies. Two-way radio communications, flight planning, and operational transponder on an assigned code are required for operations within the designated area.

 

Provide ATC security services at locations where procedures are required for tracking aircraft in security services airspace. ATC security services are designed to support the national security mission of the FAA and other agencies. Two-way radio communications, flight planning, and an operational transponder on an assigned code are required for operations in the designated area.

a through aPHRASEOLOGY-

 

No Change

1. Maintain continuous security tracking of VFR aircraft operating within the designated area to assist security forces in situational awareness. Immediately report all instances of loss of radio communication or the inability to conduct security tracking of an aircraft to the FLM/CIC and await instructions.

 

1. Maintain continuous security tracking of VFR aircraft operating in the designated area to assist security forces in situational awareness. Immediately report all instances of loss of radio communication or the inability to conduct security tracking of an aircraft to the front line manager (FLM)/CIC and wait for instructions.

2. The provision of basic separation services to aircraft, i.e., IFR, SVFR, Class B, Class C, TRSA, is not applicable to ATC security tracking.

 

2. Basic separation services to aircraft, for example, IFR, SVFR, Class B, Class C, TRSA, do not apply to ATC security tracking.

3. Aircraft with operating transponders, but without operating Mode C (altitude) require specific authorization from ATC in order to operate within the ADIZ. ATC must coordinate with the Domestic Events Network (DEN) prior to approval.

 

3. Aircraft with operating transponders, but without operating Mode C (altitude), require specific authorization from ATC to operate in the SFRA. ATC must coordinate with the Domestic Events Network (DEN) before approval.

4. Aircraft flying too low for radar coverage shall be instructed to report landing or exiting the ADIZ. Maintain flight progress strips on such aircraft until pilot reports landing or exiting the ADIZ. If a flight progress strip does not exist for the aircraft, record the call sign, transponder code, entry point (e.g., north, northeast, east), and time of entry into the ADIZ.

 

4. Aircraft flying too low for radar coverage must be instructed to report landing or exiting the SFRA. Keep flight progress strips on these aircraft until pilot reports landing or exiting the SFRA. If a flight progress strip does not exist for the aircraft, record the call sign, transponder code, entry point (for example, north, northeast, east), and time of entry into the SFRA.

PHRASEOLOGY-
(Call sign), REPORT LANDING OR LEAVING THE ADIZ.

 

PHRASEOLOGY-
(Call sign), REPORT LANDING OR LEAVING THE SFRA.

5. United States Military, law enforcement, and aeromedical flights are exempt from filing flight plans.

 

5. United States military, law enforcement, and aeromedical flights are exempt from filing flight plans.

b. Establishing Two-Way Communications.

 

b. Establishing two-way communications.


 

 

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