Section 1. General
7-1-1. CLASS A AIRSPACE
Do not apply visual separation or issue VFR or
“VFR-on-top” clearances in Class A airspace.
7-1-2. VFR CONDITIONS
a. You may clear aircraft to maintain “VFR
conditions” if one of the following conditions exists:
1. The pilot of an aircraft on an IFR flight plan
requests a VFR climb/descent.
2. TERMINAL. The clearance will result in
noise abatement benefits where part of the IFR
departure route does not conform to an FAA-
approved noise abatement route or altitude.
MAINTAIN VFR CONDITIONS.
MAINTAIN VFR CONDITIONS UNTIL (time or fix).
MAINTAIN VFR CONDITIONS ABOVE/BELOW
and if required,
BETWEEN (altitude) AND (altitude)
b. When, in your judgment, there is reason to
believe that flight in VFR conditions may become
impractical, issue an alternative clearance which will
ensure separation from all other aircraft for which
you have separation responsibility.
IF UNABLE, (alternative procedure), AND ADVISE.
7-1-3. APPROACH CONTROL SERVICE
FOR VFR ARRIVING AIRCRAFT
Issue the following where procedures have been
established for arriving VFR aircraft to contact
approach control for landing information:
a. Wind, runway, and altimeter setting at the
airport of intended landing. This information may be
omitted if contained in the ATIS broadcast and the
pilot states the appropriate ATIS code or if the pilot
uses the phrase, “have numbers.”
Pilot use of “have numbers” does not indicate receipt of the
b. Traffic information on a workload permitting
c. Time or place at which the aircraft is to contact
the tower on local control frequency for further
d. An aircraft may be instructed to contact
approach control for landing and traffic information
upon initial contact with the tower.
FAAO JO 7110.65, Para 7-6-1, Application.
FAAO JO 7110.65, Para 7-6-2, Service Availability.
7-1-4. VISUAL HOLDING OF VFR
When it becomes necessary to hold VFR aircraft at
visual holding fixes, take the following actions:
a. Clear aircraft to hold at selected, prominent
geographical fixes which can be easily recognized
from the air, preferably those depicted on sectional
At some locations, VFR checkpoints are depicted on
Sectional Aeronautical and Terminal Area Charts. In
selecting geographical fixes, depicted VFR checkpoints
are preferred unless the pilot exhibits a familiarity with the
FAAO JO 7110.65, Para 4-6-5, Visual Holding Points.
b. Issue traffic information to aircraft cleared to
hold at the same fix.
HOLD AT (location) UNTIL (time or other condition),
TRAFFIC (description) HOLDING AT (fix, altitude if
PROCEEDING TO (fix) FROM (direction or fix).
FAAO JO 7110.65, Para 7-6-5, Holding.